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NEO is a distributed, redundant and scalable implementation of ZODB API.
NEO stands for Nexedi Enterprise Object.


A NEO cluster is composed of the following types of nodes:

- "master" nodes (mandatory, 1 or more)

  Takes care of transactionality. Only one master node is really active
  (the active master node is called "primary master") at any given time,
  extra masters are spares (they are called "secondary masters").

- "storage" nodes (mandatory, 1 or more)

  Stores data in a MySQL database, preserving history. All available storage
  nodes are in use simultaneously. This offers redundancy and data distribution.
  Other storage backends than MySQL are considered for future release.

- "admin" nodes (mandatory for startup, optional after)

  Accepts commands from neoctl tool and transmits them to the
  primary master, and monitors cluster state.

- "client" nodes

  Well... Something needing to store/load data in a NEO cluster.

ZODB API is fully implemented except:

- pack: only old revisions of objects are removed for the moment
        (full implementation is considered)
- blobs: not implemented (not considered yet)

There is a simple way to convert FileStorage to NEO and back again.

See also for more detailed information about
features related to scalability.


In addition of the disclaimer contained in the licence this code is
released under, please consider the following.

NEO does not implement any authentication mechanism between its nodes, and
does not encrypt data exchanged between nodes either.
If you want to protect your cluster from malicious nodes, or your data from
being snooped, please consider encrypted tunelling (such as openvpn).


- Linux 2.6 or later

- Python 2.6.x or 2.7.x

- For storage nodes:

  - MySQLdb:

- For client nodes: ZODB 3.10.x but it should work with ZODB 3.9.x


a. Make neo directory available for python to import (for example, by
   adding its container directory to the PYTHONPATH environment variable).

b. Choose a cluster name and setup a MySQL database

c. Start all required nodes::

    neomaster --cluster=<cluster name>
    neostorage --cluster=<cluster name> --database=user:passwd@db
    neoadmin --cluster=<cluster name>

d. Tell the cluster it can provide service::

    neoctl start

How to use

First make sure Python can import 'neo.client' package.

In zope

a. Edit your zope.conf, add a neo import and edit the `zodb_db` section by
   replacing its filestorage subsection by a NEOStorage one.
   It should look like::

    %import neo.client
    <zodb_db main>
        # Main FileStorage database
            name <cluster name>
        mount-point /

b. Start zope

In a Python script

Just create the storage object and play with it::

  from neo.client.Storage import Storage
  s = Storage(master_nodes="", name="main")

"name" and "master_nodes" parameters have the same meaning as in
configuration file.

Shutting down

There is no administration command yet to stop properly a running cluster.
So following manual actions should be done:

a. Make sure all clients like Zope instances are stopped, so that cluster
   become idle.
b. Stop all master nodes first with a SIGINT or SIGTERM, so that storage nodes
   don't become in OUT_OF_DATE state.
c. At last stop remaining nodes with a SIGINT or SIGTERM.


NEO has no built-in deployment features such as process daemonization. We use
`supervisor <>`_ with configuration like below::


  command=neostorage -c neo -s storage_01 -f /neo/neo.conf

  command=neomaster -c neo -s master_01 -f /neo/neo.conf

  command=neoadmin -c neo -s admin -f /neo/neo.conf


Developers interested in NEO may refer to
`NEO Web site <>`_ and subscribe to following mailing

- `neo-users <>`_:
  users discussion
- `neo-dev <>`_:
  developers discussion
- `neo-report <>`_:
  automated test results (read-only list)

Commercial Support

Nexedi provides commercial support for NEO: